In Kashmir, it is known as "DaanGeer", in Chamba, it is known as "Phulgar" and in Kullu District of Himachal Pradesh, this bird is locally called jujurana which means "king of birds". Western tragopan, or Jujurana, is a brightly plumed bird endemic to northwest Himalaya, with an estimated global population of fewer than 3,500 individuals. Size of adult male is between 65 to 73 cm, and the size of female is between 55 to 65 cm. The third State Wildlife Board meeting in 2007 decided to crown western tragopan (tragopan melanocephalus), locally known as jujurana, as the state bird of Himachal Pradesh dethroning monal from its exalted position. The unparalleled beauty of the Tragopan comes from a feather each; contributed by all the bird species that exist and offered to the gods to clothe this beautiful monarch among birds, order speak the legends of Kullu Valley. Western tragopan, or Jujurana, is a brightly plumed bird endemic to northwest Himalaya, with an estimated global population of fewer than 3,500 individuals. But monal (lophophorus impygenus), another beautiful bird, remains the State Bird of Uttarakhand and the national bird of Nepal. Bank myna (Acridotheres ginginianus) complete detail – updated, Crested bunting (Melophus lathami) Yuvaraaj – complete detail, Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park – complete detail – updated, Deforestation and Its impacts on nature & natural resources, Definition of Wildlife Sanctuary According to wildlife protection act 1972. In 1993, a male chick was born to a pair of wild-born rescued birds, which according to the World Pheasant Association, was the only western tragopan hatched in captivity anywhere in the world in the 20th century. The Western Tragopan is the rarest of all pheasants, and was also recorded as the state bird of Himachal Pradesh in India in 2007. Tragopan is also the state bird of Himachal Pradesh in India. The Western Tragopan inhabits a relatively small range in the Western Himalayas and as a region specific specie, maximum sightings of this bird in recent times have been reported in Himachal Pradesh. This extremely rare bird, Forest Owlet found in Melghat region of Maharashtra. Western tragopan and cheer pheasant are among the five species of birds from the state which were listed under species of a high conservation concern by ‘State of India’s Birds 2020’, a report released earlier this year. Post-mortem findings of the dead birds including the chick has revealed bacterial (e-coli) infection. Log in, Fundamentals of Ecology and Environmental Science, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click here to view State wise list of Indian state animals (symbols) – updated. The released birds, comprising two pairs and two chicks, were raised in a conservation breeding centre at Sarahan in Shimla district. In Kullu District of Himachal Pradesh, this bird is locally called Jujurana which means King of Birds. It was accorded the status of state bird of Himachal Pradesh in 2007. Unlock thousands of full-length species accounts and hundreds of bird family overviews when you subscribe to Birds of the World. Western Tragopan | Jainy Kuriakose L ooking gorgeous and decorated with inexplicable aesthetic appeal, the Western Tragopan bird in Himachal Pradesh has gained global attention again. Rarely sighted and shy by nature, the bird has its habitat on … The western tragopan (or jujurana, which means “king of birds”) is one of the most vulnerable pheasants in the world; just 3,300 survive in the wild today. For all the latest India News, download Indian Express App. According to wildlife officials, Himachal Pradesh has seven different species of pheasants (a group of large-sized, highly colourful birds which display sexual dimorphism) of which Western Tragopan is the most elusive one. A large, short-tailed pheasant. This species can be found only in the western Himalaya and is most protected in the state of Himachal Pradesh, India. Ramnath Goenka Excellence in Journalism Awards, Statutory provisions on reporting (sexual offenses), This website follows the DNPA’s code of conduct. Since it is a highly endangered species, Himachal has vowed to protect its existence and built nature reserves for the purpose. It is the state bird of Himachal Pradesh and captive breeding of the species has not proved very successful. It was a western tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus), Himachal’s state bird — one that very few people have actually seen in the wild. The site of release in the sanctuary is around 3,200 metres above the sea level while the elevation of the breeding centre at Sarahan is around 2,300 metres, with both places being part of western tragopan’s natural habitat. Click here to view State wise list of Indian state birds (symbols) – updated. Since being imported to the United States, it's become the best bred bird of all Tragopans in the Western world. Besides the birds just released, it houses around 45 birds – up from 17 in 2007 when the Central Zoo Authority included the Western Tragopan in the priority list of species identified for conservation breeding. Name of the state bird of Nagaland is Blyth’s tragopan. ‘I did, however, see a small monkey with enormous military moustaches, a satyr tragopan (answers on a postcard), and a pair of red river hogs - each of which were fairly exciting in their own way.’ ‘Earlier Jammu and Kashmir had the western tragopan as its State bird.’ It is mainly found along the Himalayas from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Pakistan) in the west to Uttarakhand (India) in the east. Population of Western Tragopan is threatened by several anthropogenic factors throughout its range. The first attempts at keeping and breeding the species in captivity were carried out in the early 1990s, when the pheasantry was a small rescue centre. The management of the centre is science-based and overseen by a zoo biologist. Six birds raised in a pheasantry at Sarahan have been soft-released into the nearby Daranghati wildlife sanctuary, ie they have been shifted to the site of release and placed in temporary enclosures, or soft pens. Western tragopan is one of the flagship species of the Himalaya and is the state-bird of Himachal Pradesh (HP), India, which is a stronghold for its population. Each district of Himachal Pradesh seems to have its own name for this colourful bird, lovingly calling it phulgar , jyaazi , or pyaara . Western Tragopan(Jujurana)___The State Bird of Himachal Pradesh The Life Science. Western tragopan is a Schedule – I bird, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Vulnerable (VU) by the IUCN. A Western Tragopan is a rare bird facing extinction and found in the western foothills of Himalayas. Click here to join our channel (@indianexpress) and stay updated with the latest headlines. The species is highly endangered and globally threatened. Male appears mostly dark with prominent white dots all over. It is also the state bird of Himachal. Western tragopan, or Jujurana, is a brightly plumed bird endemic to northwest Himalaya. The weight of adult is male is between 1.75 to 2.25 kg, and the weight of female is between 1.25 to 1.50 kg. Explained: What is special about Mallana Cream, Himachal’s unique cannabis product? Since 1992, when the Saharan aviary was set up for captive breeding of the Western Tragopan so as to augment the depleting population in the wild, this centre has bred only 20 birds and thus far has not been able to release any bird into the wild. You can best help shorebirds by observing from a distance and leashing your pets on the beach, allowing the birds to rest … It is locally known as the jujurana or king of the birds. Snow Leopard would be the new State Animal, Western Tragopan (Jujurana) (Tragopan melanocephalus) to be State Bird and Pink Rhododendron (Rhododendron campanulatum) to be the State Flower of Himachal Pradesh. The Temminick's Tragopan is thought of as the most beautiful among the family and is also an excellent breeder in captivity. 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The world's only breeding centre of the brilliantly-coloured bird is in Sarahan town, Himachal Pradesh. Nests are found in trees, stumps, and small bushes, usually in an abandoned nest of another species. The IUCN red list shows the species to be vulnerable while in India it is a schedule I species on the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act. Their range is very restricted. The Western Tragopan is the darkest of all Tragopans, as the males are mostly greyish-black with numerous white spots. Breeding and nesting season is between March to May. A soft-release is a precursor to full release and helps the birds adapt to the area’s climate and environment. Himachal Pradesh – Western Tragopan and Snow Leopard. And they have each spot bordered with black. The western tragopan is the state bird of Himachal Pradesh. Western Tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus) State Bird Himachal Pradesh. Cancel Unsubscribe. The six birds, comprising two pairs and two chicks, are expected to be let out of the pens during the next few days, or during the upcoming wildlife week when an official event by state forest department will be held to mark the release. CITES (the convention on International trade in endangered species of wild flora & fauna)has listed … Gagandeep Singh Dhillon ... read more, * The moderation of comments is automated and not cleared manually by, Copyright © 2020 The Indian Express [P] Ltd. All Rights Reserved, Western tragopans soft-released into Himachal forest, Western tragopan, or Jujurana, is a brightly plumed bird endemic to northwest Himalaya, with an estimated global population of fewer than 3,500 individuals. The population of Western Tragopan, a brilliantly-coloured Asian pheasant species, hovers on the brink of extinction globally and is estimated to be less than 3500. It has white speckling all over, but the male Satyr Tragopan is the only tragopan to have white dots on the red breast. The pheasants have also been tagged with very high frequency (VHF) radio devices, which will help a researcher monitor their location, movement and other parameters once they are out on their own. This region, covering western and north central Massachusetts, contains some of the state’s most productive forest soils — particularly in the limestone regions of Berkshire County — as well as some of its least productive sites, like those in the cold, boggy headwater regions where red spruce and balsam fir become significant components. Locals call the species jujurana, king of birds. HP also runs a captive breeding centre for another pheasant species, the cheer pheasant, and 18 cheer phesants were reintroduced into the wild last year, out of which at least eight have survived so far. Replacing the Himalayan Monal as the state bird of Himachal and also called as the ‘Jujurana’ meaning ‘King of the Birds’, the Western Tragopan captivates your attention with its beauty and crimson neckline. Each species account is written by leading ornithologists and provides detailed information on bird distribution, migration, habitat, diet, sounds, behavior, breeding, current population status, and conservation. ... Yellow footed green pigeon is the state bird of Maharashtra but Forest owlet may replace the state bird hariyal. It is the state bird of Himachal Pradesh. Western tragopan is the state bird, and a vulnerable pheasant species with an estimated global population of less than 3,500. Western Tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus) is an IUCN Red List vulnerable species (VU) (IUCN, 2016), an endemic montane pheasant and has a narrow distributional range in the north-western Himalayan region. VISHAL GULATI reports The other three species are the Steppe Eagle, Slender-billed Vulture and West Himalayan Bush Warbler. Six birds raised in a pheasantry at Sarahan have been soft-released into the nearby Daranghati wildlife sanctuary, ie they have been shifted to the site of release and placed in temporary enclosures, or soft … It is also the state bird of Himachal. The Western Tragopan is considered as the rarest of all living pheasants. Captive-bred western tragopans have been soft-released into a forest in Himachal Pradesh, in a first such effort globally to reintroduce the vulnerable pheasant species back into the wild. It is also the state bird of Himachal. The call of the western tragopan, described as a loud “ohh ohhah ohaah ohaaah ohaaaha” or “gnau gnau” or “gock gock gock”. Males are as beautiful to behold as they are rare to spot. Female is similar in shape, but all brown with thin white streaks on the back and reddish-brown wings. Loading... Unsubscribe from The Life Science? The diversity in the State’s geography, from the plains to the mountains, helps Himachal to be home to many plant, tree, bird and animal species; many of them being endemic to the state. The female is brownish-gray with paler underparts, and is finely streaked with white. A large pheasant-like bird. 📣 The Indian Express is now on Telegram. The third State Wildlife Board meeting in 2007 decided to crown western tragopan (tragopan melanocephalus), locally known as jujurana, as the state bird of Himachal Pradesh … Tragopan Facts Tragopan pheasants are the most colorful of all pheasants. Not satisfied with having made all kinds of birds, check the gods took time off to create the Western Tragopan. Male has a black face with dark blue cheeks and chin, and a grayish-brown back and uppertail. Western tragopan, or Jujurana, is a brightly plumed bird endemic to northwest Himalaya, with an estimated global population of fewer than 3,500 individuals. Currently, the captive population is housed in enclosures and breeding aviaries which try to recreate natural surroundings of the species, and the birds are fed a diet consisting mainly of fruits, vegetables, greens, seed mix, a small amount of egg and occasionally wild items collected from the natural habitat such as berries. Sarahan pheasantry, or the Western Tragopan Conservation Breeding Centre, located at Sarahan in Shimla district is the only centre in the world where conservation breeding of the bird is being carried out, as per the wildlife wing of the state forest department. Its range is very restricted. The western tragopan is a scarce, shy, and elusive bird. Madhya Pradesh – … Note the bright orange patch on the breast, the red hindneck, the reddish face bordered by a black crown and ears, and the blue throat. State Bird of Himachal Pradesh: Jujurana. 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