The following are the list of the districts of Chhattisgarh State with major cities : Chhattisgarh's nominal gross state domestic product (GSDP) is estimated at ₹3.26 lakh crore (US$46 billion) in 2018–19, the 17th largest state economy in India. As the rhythm quickens, they perform acrobatics and form human pyramids. Prior to that, the region was part of the Central Provinces and Berar (CP and Berar) under British rule. The old state had 36 demesnes (feudal territories): Ratanpur, Vijaypur, Kharound, Maro, Kautgarh, Nawagarh, Sondhi, Aukhar, Padarbhatta, Semriya, Champa, Lafa, Chhuri, Kenda, Matin, Aparora, Pendra, Kurkuti-kandri, Raipur, Patan, Simaga, Singarpur, Lavan, Omera, Durg, Saradha, Sirasa, Menhadi, Khallari, Sirpur, Figeswar, Rajim, Singhangarh, Suvarmar, Tenganagarh and Akaltara. The prevalence of female malnutrition in Chhattisgarh is higher than the national average—half of the ST females are malnourished. With the exception of the hilly states of the north-east, Chhattisgarh has one of highest shares of Scheduled Tribe (ST) populations within a state, accounting for about 10 percent of the STs in India. Scheduled Tribes make up 30.62% of the population. The Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary is an Indian sanctuary in Mungeli district, Chhattisgarh State. In addition to Chhattisgarhi, there are several other languages spoken by the tribal people of the Bastar region like Halbi, Gondi and Bhatri. ड़ा.संजय अलंग-छत्तीसगढ़ की पूर्व रियासतें और जमीन्दारियाँ (वैभव प्रकाशन,रायपुर 1, Deshbandhu Publication Division, "सन्दर्भ छत्तीसगढ़", Deshbandhu Publication Division, "छत्तीसगढ़ के तीर्थ और पर्यटन स्थल", Deshbandhu Publication Division, "Chhattisgarh: Beautiful & Bountiful (Study in Biodiversity of Chhattisgarh)", Ramesh Dewangan & Sunil Tuteja, "Chhattisgarh Samagra", C.K. Prior to its becoming a part of the new state of Madhya Pradesh, the region was part of old Madhya Pradesh State, with its capital at Bhopal. [57], To bring about social reforms and with a view to discourage undesirable social practices, Chhattisgarh government has enacted the Chhattisgarh Tonhi Atyachar (Niwaran) Act, 2005 against witchery. [22], The climate of Chhattisgarh is tropical. Chhattisgarhi is called Khaltahi by tribals and Laria in Odia. Chhattisgarh State is ranked as the 17th-largest tea-producing state in India. Tiwari p.163, Tribal Roots of Hinduism by Shiv Kumar Tiwari p.209. Agriculture is counted as the chief economic occupation of the state. kms NH road density in Chhattisgarh: Centre", "India: Protective Laws Fall Short for Women Charged with Witchcraft", "Population by religion community – 2011", "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India", https://www.patrika.com/raipur-news/raipur-first-chhattisgarhi-film-kahi-debe-sandesh-complete-50-years-1104391/, https://kosalkatha.com/manu-nayak-kahi-debe-sandesh/, "Which of the following district is called as the 'Rice Bowl of Andhra Pradesh' ? Chhattisgarh has one of the lowest densities of National Highway in Central and South India (12.1 km/100,000 population) which is similar to the North Eastern state of Assam. 21 (1):55–56. Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://daac.ornl.gov/VEGETATION/guides/Decadal_LULC_India.html, National Thermal Power Corporation Limited, Scheduled Tribes (STs) and Scheduled Castes (SCs), List of institutions of higher education in Chhattisgarh, List of states and union territories of India by area, https://www.scribd.com/doc/72030961/Dr-Sanjay-Alung-CG-Ki-Riyaste-Jamindariya-Hindi, https://www.naidunia.com/chhattisgarh/raipur-arpa-parry-ke-dhar-become-chhattisgars-state-song-3299534, https://www.aninews.in/news/national/politics/chattisgarhs-official-song-to-play-after-vande-mataram-to-mark-commencement-of-assembly-session20191122084816/, "Official site of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, India", "Madhya Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2000", Chhattisgarh profile- Know all you want to know about state, "Swachh Survekshan 2020 Results: Indore Is India's Cleanest City And Chhattisgarh The Cleanest State, Follow The Highlights | News", "Dakshinakosala, Dakshina-kosala, Dakṣiṇakosala: 1 definition", "Chhattisgarh Highest Peak: Latest Chhattisgarh Highest Peak News in Hindi – Naidunia", "Chhattisgarh Mines Govt Official Website", "Chirmiri Hill Station, Chirmiri | Chhattisgarh", "Chhattisgarh Climate, Climate of Chhattisgarh, Chhattisgarh Temperature, Temperature of Chhattisgarh", "Department of Commerce & Industry Chhattisgarh", "Proposed new rail line to bring Mumbai, Kolkata closer", "Pranab hopes Raipur airport's new terminal will support Chhattisgarh's growth", "Chhattisgarh's second airport worth Rs 2,800 million in Raigarh soon", http://nhm.nic.in/ActionPlan/ActionPlan_Chhattisgarh.pdf, "Chhattisgarh is power surplus state, confirms CEA report", https://www.haribhoomi.com/local/chhattisgarh, "Bhilai Nagar City Population Census 2011 – Chhattisgarh", "Chhattisgarh Govt Renames It New Capital Naya Raipur To 'Atal Nagar', Pays Tribute in Unique Way", "Naya Raipur becomes the world's first integrated city", "Chhattisgarh Population Sex Ratio in Chhattisgarh Literacy rate data", "Chhattisgarh a poor State with low health indices: CAG", "NITI Aayog's Health Index: Kerala on top; Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh among worst performers", "With Commendable Progress in Both Urban And Rural Sanitation, Chhattisgarh Is on Its Way To Be Open Defecation Free – Swachh Report Card", "23.4 km per 1000 sq. They lived more than 10 of their 14 years of Vanvas in different places of Chhattisgarh. As of 2010, they are still hounded out of villages on the basis of flimsy accusations by male village sorcerers paid to do so by villagers with personal agendas, such as property and goods acquisition. The Odia culture is prominent in the eastern parts of Chhattisgarh bordering Odisha. There are 11 members of the Lok Sabha from Chhattisgarh. (a) Parrot (b) Hill myna (c) Ruby Throated Yellow Bulbul (d) Wild Crow: Like Comment. and the length of tail is between 60 cm to 100 cm. There are two regions in India which are named for special reasons. Chhattisgarh Government had completed construction of 5,266 cement concrete (CC) roads having a total length of 1,530 km in various villages of the State as on 31 May 2016 under 'Mukhyamantri Gram Sadak Yojana'. The proportion of Scheduled Castes has increased from 11.6 percent in 2001 to 12.8% in 2011. [39] About 80% of the population of the state is rural and the main livelihood of the villagers is agriculture and agriculture-based small industry. Chhattisgarh is one of the states of India which was carved out of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh on 1 st November 2000. Chhattisgarh has a high female-male sex ratio (991)[69] ranking at the fifth position among other states of India. Sci. Based on the current production of surplus electric power, the position of the State is comfortable and profitable. The rivers Rihand, Indravati, Jonk, Arpa, Hasdo and Shivnath flow through this state. The sex ratio in the state is one of the most balanced in India with 991 females per 1,000 males, as is the child sex-ratio with 964 females per 1,000 males (Census 2011). Digest. Despite different health related schemes and programmes, the health indicators such as the percentage of women with BMI<18.5, Under Five Mortality Rate and underweight children are poor. 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